Throughout the history Bornholm
was integral part of the continent. Around 1,700 BC strong tectonic movements
disconnected it and produced one of the most interesting areas of all 500
Danish islands. Its location enabled the island very early to make living mainly
Around 4,000 BC Bornholm's
became a farming community.
Several times in the history the island changed hands
from Swedish to Danish. The island always belonged to the kings, though
(whichever they were Swedish or Danish). That is why the farmers of Bornholm were never assigned to any fief or dependent on
any feudal nobility and lived as free peasants. Anne Kathrine Kofoed descends from
one of the old families of wealthy farmers with the traceable genealogy reaching
over 600 years back.
There is a tectonic line between the granite bedrock
in the north of the island, which was formed around 1.7 billion years ago, and
the sandstone layer in the south, which is only around 500 million years old. Therefore
the northern part is reach in extremely good farming soil whereas the southern
part has poor, sandy soil. However nothing can be so bad that there is nothing
good in it: the northern coast has gorgeous cliff beaches whereas the southern
coast is reach in fine yellow quartz sand shaped in beautiful dunes. Luckily the
huge farm of the Kofoeds is located on the fertile, northern part of Bornholm.
remarkable moment of the recent history should be mentioned. On April 9, 1940
Bornholm was occupied as the rest of Denmark and German marines were
deployed in this strategically significant spot of the Baltic See. When the
rest of Denmark, together
with the remaining Western Europe could
celebrate the end of the World War II on May 5, 1945, the German marine division
refused to surrender to the Soviets and required the western allied to receive
their capitulation. The Soviets undertook many imprecise bombing raids killing 10
locals and destroying some living areas of the island and finally conquered the
island on the 9th of May 1945. Stalin’s troops replaced Hitler’s, remaining nearly a year before
returning home the 5th of April 1946. Imagine that Bornholm could
have been proclaimed one of the Soviet
or even worse, it would be incorporated to the Polish People’s Republic . . .