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Few historical facts about Bornholm

Throughout the history Bornholm was integral part of the continent. Around 1,700 BC strong tectonic movements disconnected it and produced one of the most interesting areas of all 500 Danish islands. Its location enabled the island very early to make living mainly of fishery.

Around 4,000 BC Bornholm's inhabitants became a farming community.

Several times in the history the island changed hands from Swedish to Danish. The island always belonged to the kings, though (whichever they were Swedish or Danish). That is why the farmers of Bornholm were never assigned to any fief or dependent on any feudal nobility and lived as free peasants. Anne Kathrine Kofoed descends from one of the old families of wealthy farmers with the traceable genealogy reaching over 600 years back.  

There is a tectonic line between the granite bedrock in the north of the island, which was formed around 1.7 billion years ago, and the sandstone layer in the south, which is only around 500 million years old. Therefore the northern part is reach in extremely good farming soil whereas the southern part has poor, sandy soil. However nothing can be so bad that there is nothing good in it: the northern coast has gorgeous cliff beaches whereas the southern coast is reach in fine yellow quartz sand shaped in beautiful dunes. Luckily the huge farm of the Kofoeds is located on the fertile, northern part of Bornholm.

A remarkable moment of the recent history should be mentioned. On April 9, 1940 Bornholm was occupied as the rest of Denmark and German marines were deployed in this strategically significant spot of the Baltic See. When the rest of Denmark, together with the remaining Western Europe could celebrate the end of the World War II on May 5, 1945, the German marine division refused to surrender to the Soviets and required the western allied to receive their capitulation. The Soviets undertook many imprecise bombing raids killing 10 locals and destroying some living areas of the island and finally conquered the island on the 9th of May 1945. Stalin’s troops replaced Hitler’s, remaining nearly a year before returning home the 5th of April 1946. Imagine that Bornholm could have been proclaimed one of the Soviet Socialist Republics or even worse, it would be incorporated to the Polish People’s Republic . . .       


Bornholm's landscapes
Typical north-western rocky beach Rocky beach at Stammershalle
Cliffs of Båstad Hammeren
Hammeren Hammeren
Hammeren Cliffs of Hammer Odde (the outmost north-western point of the Island)
Hammer Harbour with reminders of the Hammershus Castle Gudhjem
Gudhjem harbour One of the Kofoed's summer cottages
Sand dunes of Dueodde (the outmost south-eastern point of the Island) Sand dunes of Dueodde
Dunes of Dueodde Balka sand beach
Balka beach with a creek Anne Kathrine at one of the Dueodde dunes




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